Cataract is the clouding of the lens of the eye. Individuals with cataracts find it difficult to see things clearly instead they feel as if they are seeing through a fogged up or frosty lens. Cataracts can make it more difficult to drive a car, read or even check the path while walking. Usually cataracts take a lot of time to develop and this is why people tend to feel the difficulty at a much later stage when the cataract interfere with the vision.
Eye is regarded as the most sensitive and delicate organ of the body; and cataracts if not treated on time can often cause vision loss. Therefore, one must contact the doctor immediately in case of any issues with the eye.
Following are some of the symptoms which indicate that a cataract doctor in Boca Raton and Miami FL must be contacted:
- Clouded, dim or blurred vision
- Sensitivity to brightness and light
- Diminishing colors or yellowing of colors
- Noticing halos surrounding the lights
- Double vision
- Problems while walking or driving at night
Usually at first cloudiness in the vision that is caused by a cataract may affect only a small part of the eye’s lens and one may be unaware of any vision loss. As the cataract grows more, it clouds more of the lens and interferes with the light passing through the lens. This may lead to more evident symptoms.
What causes cataract?
The lens within the eye is usually made of protein and water and the protein is set in an accurate way that helps to keep the lens cloudless and enables light to move across. However as people age, the protein tends to cluster and haze a particular part of the lens. Over a period of time, the cataract may grow bigger and this makes it all the more difficult to see. Apart from advancing age, cataract may take place due to the following reasons:
- Ultraviolet rays from sun
- Steroid medicines that are used to lessen cholesterol
- Prolonged intake of corticosteroid medications
- Previous inflammation or eye injury
- Hormone replacement therapy
- Previous eye surgery
- High myopia
- Family history
- Significant alcohol consumption
All these can directly or indirectly cause cataract. However, it is important to note that cataracts usually develop in both eyes, but not in the same way. The cataract in one eye may be more advanced than the other and this may cause a difference in vision between eyes.
Treatment for cataract
When symptoms start to appear, one may be able to improve the vision for some time by using new glasses, appropriate lighting or other visual aids. But often the cataract surgeon in Boca Raton and Fort Lauderdale FL recommends cataract surgery as this can help in regaining vision. Moreover, these days’ doctors used innovative techniques to perform surgery in order to treat cataract and this makes the procedure a painless process. Moreover, after the surgical procedure people can return to their normal day to day activities quite quickly.